Monday, May 31, 2010


DURING May, it probably rained for 25 days.  I often wonder how do people in monsoon regions handle the problems with floods, sewage and drinkable water.

In Puercorico, when it rains hard in metro zones for 15 minutes, roads, highways become a hazard.  There is no drain, or if one has been built, clogged with trash.

Under wet conditions your favorite blogger, I, research, investigate, turns the compost adding shredded newspapers, transplants, plants change location, avoiding pruning since these conditions are the best for spreading of fungus, insects and diseases.Wet conditions are the best for planting of seeds, stems, or to propagate.  


The Brothers Garderners
Andrea Wulf
pages 116-117

According to the old systems, such as
John Ray's each name included lengthy descriptions  of the species
habitat, leaf shape and calyx.
Today's Kalmia agustifolia, for example was called
chamaedaphne sempervirens, foliis oblongis angustis foliorum fasciculis opposites--meaning "evergreen dwarf laurel with oblong narrow leaves growing in bunches, which are placed
opposite".  The trouble was that when a new species was similar to an old one, additional traits had to be added to the old name to make it 
distinct, making the names even longer, and as, at a time of expanding empires, the number of discovered plants rapidly increased, some names
ran half a page.

Carl Linnaeus, 1707-1778, abhorred names that were '1foot long' because with each newly discovered plant, communication between botanists became more difficult.  He proposed to impose order on the natural world
by bringing together "these widely scattered names.... reducing all to one
system."  The rationale for this was not only practical but also philosophical, because he knew that without permanent names there was no permanent knowledge.

Linnaeus's solution was easy and straightforward: he gave every plant a two word name, like a first name and surname.  The surname was the genus such as Magnolia or Collinsonia, which often commemorated a friend or the genus discovered.  To this he added a second word (like a Christian name) such as grandiflora or canadensis to signify individual species.  Thus the White pine which previously gone under the unwieldy name Pinus Americana quinis ex uno folliculo setis longis tenuibus, triquetris ad unum agulum per totam longitudinem minutissimiscrensis aspelatis was reduced to Pinus strobus. Linnaeus also applied his system to animals and was the first to name humans Homo sapiens and to classify them as primates.

if you are one
go all the way down
hit on that marvelous link.
All you need to know, research is there, in my former alma mater.
A pity the jerks in the 'Botanical'
at RIO
do no have the mind capacity to do
something similar.

After 18 months I was fortunate to
discover the name of two RARE,
Passifloras.  Passiflora pallida l. and
Passiflora foetida.  Both found while
on my strolls from the past in Santurce.  The shape of the flower is
similar, so are the colors to the edulis.
But the leaves and vines are not as thick, resemble Antigonum lectopus
in size and texture. Time to go.


  1. Antigonum, I have not seen both Passifloras here yet. And you found them while taking a stroll? Cool!

  2. If you follow the NY Botanical Garden link below, you will see in which countries of the world they have been sighted.

    The link provides all kinds of scientific information regarding plant collecting, propagation and things you never thought about...or imagined..real fun.

    Just write each names.
    The link is at the bottom,below
    the line about my profile,


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